Journal articles & book chapters:


Ratcliffe VF & Reby D (2014) Orienting Asymmetries in Dogs’ Responses to Different Communicatory Components of Human Speech. Current Biology

Garcia M, Wyman MT, Charlton BD, Fitch WT and Reby D (2014). Response of red deer stags (Cervus elaphus) to playback of harsh versus common roars Naturwissenshaften

Cartei V, Bond R & Reby D (2014). What makes a voice masculine: Physiological and acoustical correlates of women's ratings of men's vocal masculinity. Hormones and Behavior


Gilbert J, Dalmont JP, Potier R and Reby D (2014). Is nonlinear propagation responsible for the brassiness of elephant trumpet calls? Acta Acustica

Wathan, J. & McComb, K. (2014). The eyes and ears of visual indicators of attention in domestic horses. Current Biology, 24 (15) R677-R679. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.06.023

Ratcliffe VF, McComb K & Reby D (2014) Cross-modal discrimination of human gender by domestic dogs, Animal Behaviour,

Wyman MT, Charlton BD, Locatelli Y & Reby D (2014). No preference in female sika deer (Cervus nippon) for conspecific over heterospecific male sexual calls in a mate choice context. Journal of Zoology

Charlton BD, Wyman MT, Locatelli Y & Reby D (2014). Red deer hinds do not prefer stags that produce harsh roars in mate choice contexts. Journal of Zoology

McComb K, Shannon G, Sayialel KN & Moss C (2014) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA (2014).

Cartei V, Cowles HW, Banerjee R & Reby D (2014). Control of voice gender in pre-pubertal children. British Journal of Developmental Psychology

Hardouin L, Stenning M, Thompson R, & Reby D (2014). Anatomical bases of sex- and size-related acoustic variation in Herring gull alarm calls. Journal of Avian Biology


Cartei V & Reby D (2013). Effect of formant frequency spacing on perceived gender in pre-pubertal children's voices. PLoS ONE

Shannon G, Slotow R, Durant SM, Sayialel KN, Poole J, Moss, C. & McComb K. (2013). Effects of social disruption in elephants persist decades after culling. Frontiers in Zoology 2013, 10: 62.

Garcia M, Charlton BD, Wyman MT, Fitch WT and Reby DR (2013) Do red deer stags (Cervus elaphus) use roar fundamental frequency (F0) to assess rivals? PLoS ONE

Proops L, Rayner J, Taylor AM & McComb K (2013). The Responses of Young Domestic Horses to Human-Given Cues. PLoS ONE 8(6): e67000.

Charlton BD, Frey R, McKinnon AJ, Fritsch G, Fitch WT & Reby D (2013). Koalas use a novel vocal organ to produce unusually low-pitched mating calls. Current Biology 23. R1036

Charlton BD, Taylor AM, Reby D. (2013). Are men better than women at acoustic size judgements? Biology Letters 9(4):20130270.

Passilongo D, Reby D, Carranza J. & Appolonio M. (2013). Roaring high and low: composition and possible functions of the Iberian stag's vocal repertoire PLoS ONE 8(5):e63841.

Gustafsson E, Levrero F, Reby, D & Mathevon N. (2013). Fathers are just as good as mothers at recognizing the cries of their baby. Nature Communications 4:1698 . doi: 10.1038/ncomms2713

Charlton BD, Whisson DA, Reby D (2013). Free-Ranging Male Koalas Use Size-Related Variation in Formant Frequencies to Assess Rival Males. PLoS ONE 8(7): e70279. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070279


Wyman, M.T., Mooring M. S., McCowanc, B., Penedod, M. C. T.  Reby, D., &  L. A. Hart (2012). Acoustic cues to size and quality in the vocalizations of male North American bison, Bison bison Animal Behaviour.

Charlton B.D., Reby D., Ellis W.A.H., Brumm J., & Fitch W.T. (2012) Estimating the Active Space of Male Koala Bellows: Propagation of Cues to Size and Identity in a Eucalyptus Forest. PLoS ONE 7(9): e45420. pdf.

Proops L. & McComb K. (2012). Cross-modal individual recognition in domestic horses (Equus caballus) extends to familiar humans. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London. abstract

Cartei V., Cowles H.W. & Reby D. (2012). Spontaneous voice gender imitation abilities in adult speakers PLoS ONE. pdf

Cartei V. & Reby D. (2012). Acting gay: male actors shift the frequency components of their voices towards female values when playing homosexual characters. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. pdf

Reby D. & Charlton B. D.  (2012). Attention grabbing in red deer sexual calls. Animal Cognition. pdf

Fernay L., Reby, D. & Ward, J. (2012). Visualised voices: A case study of audio-visual synaesthesia. Neurocase. pdf


Webster, H., McNutt, J. W. & McComb, K. (2011). African wild dogs as a fugitive species: playback experiments investigate how wild dogs respond to their major competitors. Ethology 117, 1–10. pdf

Wyman M., Charlton B., Locatelli Y. & Reby D. (2011). Variability of female responses to conspecific vs. heterospecific male mating calls in polygynous deer: an open door to hybridization? PLoS ONE. pdf

Charlton B. D. & Reby D. (2011) Context-related acoustic variation in male fallow deer (Dama dama) groans. PLoS ONE. pdf

McComb K., Shannon G., Durant S.M., Sayialel K., Slotow R., Poole J., and Moss C. 2011. Leadership in elephants: the adaptive value of age. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London. pdf

Taylor A. M., Reby D. & McComb K. (2011). Cross modal perception of body size in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris). PLoS ONE. pdf

McComb K., Reby D. & Moss C. (2011). Vocal communication and social knowledge in African Elephants. In: The Amboseli Elephants: a long-term perspective on a long-lived mammal (ed. C.J.Moss & H.J. Croze). Chicago: Chicago University Press.


Taylor A. M., Reby D. & McComb K. (2010). Why Do Large Dogs Sound More Aggressive to Human Listeners: Acoustic Bases of Motivational Misattributions. Ethology 116, 1155-1162. pdf.

Reby D., Charlton B., Locatelli Y. & McComb K. (2010). Oestrous red deer hinds prefer male roars

with higher fundamental frequencies. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London 277, 2747-2753. pdf.

Proops L., Walton M., & McComb K. (2010). The use of human-given cues by domestic horses, Equus caballus, during an object choice task.  Animal Behaviour 79, 1205-1209. pdf.

Taylor A. M. & Reby D. (2010). Contribution of the source-filter theory to the study of mammal vocal communication. Journal of Zoology 280, 221-236. pdf.

Proops L.,&  McComb K. (2010). Attributing attention: the use of human-given cues by domestic horses (Equus caballus). Animal Cognition 13, 197-205. pdf.

Taylor A. M., Reby D. & McComb K. (2010). Size Communication in domestic dog (Canis familiaris) growls. Animal Behaviour 79, 205-210. pdf.


Hardouin L., Bretagnolle V., Tabel P., Bavoux C., Burneleau G. and Reby D. (2009). Acoustic cues to reproductive success in male owl hoots. Animal Behaviour 78, 907-913. pdf.

McComb K., Taylor A. M., Wilson C., Charlton B. (2009) The cry Embedded within the purr. Current Biology  19, 507-508 pdf.

Taylor A. M., Reby D. & McComb K. (2009). Context-related variation in the vocal growling behaviour of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Ethology 115, 905-915. pdf.

Proops L., McComb K., & Reby D. (2009). Cross-modal Individual Recognition in Domestic Horses (Equus caballus). Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences 106, 947-951. pdf.

See also commentary by R. Seyfarth and D. Cheney: pdf

McComb K. & Reby D. (2009). Communication in terrestrial animals.  In: Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. (L.R. Squire, Editor). Vol. 2, pp. 1167-1171. Oxford: Academic Press. pdf


Kidjo N., Cargnelutti B., Charlton B., Wilson C. & Reby D. (2008). Vocal behaviour in the endangered corsican deer, description and phylogenetic implications. Bioacoustics 18, 159–181. pdf

Roberts S.G.B., McComb K. & Ruffman T. (2008). An experimental investigation of referential looking in free-ranging barbary macaques (Macaca Sylvanus).  Journal of Comparative Psychology.

Charlton B., McComb K. & Reby D.  (2008). Free-ranging red deer hinds show greater attentiveness to roars with formant frequencies typical of young males Ethology 114, 1023–1031. pdf

Cap H., Deleporte P., Joachim J. & Reby D. (2008). Male vocal behavior and phylogeny in deer. Cladistics 24, 917–931. pdf

Taylor A. M., Reby D. & McComb K. (2008). Human listeners attend to size information in domestic dog growls. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 123, 2903-2909. pdf

Charlton B.,  Reby D. & McComb K. (2008). Effect of combined source (F0) and filter (formant) variation on red deer hind responses to male roars. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 123, 2936–2943. pdf

Charlton B. (2008) Female mate choice In nonhuman mammals. In: Animal Behavior: New Research

(ed. E.A. Weber and L.H. Krause). Nova Science Publishers. pp 35-56


Charlton B.,  Reby D. & McComb K. (2007). Female perception of size-related formant shifts in red deer (Cervus elaphus).  Animal Behaviour. 74, 707-714. pdf

Charlton B., Reby, D. & McComb, K. (2007). Female red deer prefer the roars of larger males. Biology Letters. 3, 382-385. pdf

Hardouin L., Reby D. et al. (2007). Communication of male quality in owl hoots. American Naturalist. 169, 552-562. pdf

McComb, K. (2007). Q & A. Current Biology 17, R864-866. pdf


McComb K., Baker L. & Moss C. (2006). African elephants show high levels of interest in the skulls and ivory of their own species. Biology Letters (The Royal Society) 2, 26-28. pdf

Reby D., Andre-Obrecht R., Galinier A., Farinas G. & Cargnelutti B. (2006). Cepstral coefficients and hidden Markov models reveal idiosyncratic voice characteristics in red deer (Cervus elaphus) stags. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 120, 4080-4089. pdf

Semple S. & McComb K. (2006). The function of female copulation calls in the genus Macaca: insights from the Barbary macaque. In The Barbary macaque: biology, management and conservation (J.K. Hodges and J. Cortes, eds). Nottingham: Nottingham University Press, pages 81-93.


McComb, K. & Semple, S. (2005) Co-evolution of vocal communication and sociality in primates. Biology Letters (The Royal Society) 1, 381-385. pdf

Reby D., McComb K., Cargnelutti B., Darwin C, Fitch W.T. & Clutton-Brock T.H. (2005). Red deer stags use formants as assessment cues during intrasexual agonistic interactions. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, 272, 941-947. pdf

McComb K. & Reby D. (2005). Vocal communication networks in large terrestrial mammals. In:
Animal communication networks, p. 372-389. McGregor P.K. (Ed.). pdf


Reby D. & McComb K. (2003). Vocal communication and reproduction in deer.
Advances in the Study of Behaviour, 33, 231-264. pdf

Reby D. & McComb K. (2003). Anatomical constraints generate honesty:acoustic cues to age and weight in the roars of red deer stags.
Animal Behaviour, 65, 519-530. pdf

McComb K., Reby D., Baker L., Moss C.& Sayialel S. (2003). Long-distance communication of social identity in African elephants.
Animal Behaviour. 65, 317-329. pdf


Semple, S, McComb, K., Alberts, S. & Altmann, J. (2002). Information content of female copulation calls in yellow baboons.  American Journal of Primatology 56, 43-56. pdf

Cargnelutti B, Reby D, Desneux L, Angibault JM, Joachim J, Hewison AJM (2002). Space use by roe deer in a fragmented landscape some preliminary results. Revue d’écologie - la terre et la vie, 57 (1): 29-37 2002


McComb, K., Moss, C., Durant, S., Baker, L. & Sayialel, S. (2001) Matriarchs act as repositories of social knowledge in African elephants. Science 292, 491-494. pdf

McComb, K., Moss, C. & Durant, S. (2001) Elephant hunting and conservation.  Science 293, 2203-2204.

Grinnell, J. & McComb, K. (2001) Roaring and social communication in African lions: the limitations imposed by listeners. Animal Behaviour 62, 93-98. pdf

Fitch W.T. & Reby D. (2001). The descended larynx is not uniquely human. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London. 268, 1669-1675. pdf

Reby D. (2001). L'exagération de l'expression sonore de la taille corporelle est-elle a l'origine de la descente du larynx chez les cervidés polygynes ? Annales de la Fondation Fyssen, 16:61-70.

Pepin D, Cargnelutti B, Gonzalez G, Joachim J, Reby D. (2001). Diurnal and seasonal variations of roaring activity of farmed red deer stags.
Applied Animal Behaviour Science 74 (3): 233-239. pdf

Reby D., Izquierdo M., Hewison A.J.M. & Pepin D. (2001). Red deer (Cervus elaphus) hinds discriminate between the roars of their current harem holder stag and those of neighbouring stags.
Ethology, 107: 951-959. pdf

Pre 2000:

McComb, K, Moss, C., Sayialel, S. & Baker, L. (2000) Unusually extensive networks of vocal recognition in African elephants. Animal Behaviour 59, 1103-1109. pdf

Semple, S. & McComb, K. (2000) Perception of female reproductive state from vocal cues in a mammal species. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 267, 707-712. pdf

Reby D., Cargnelutti B. & A.J.M. Hewison (1999). Contexts and possible functions of barking in roe deer. Animal Behaviour, 57: 1121-1128. pdf

Reby D., Cargnelutti B., Joachim J. & S. Aulagnier (1999). Spectral acoustic structure of barking in roe deer : sex-, age-, and individual related variations. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, (life sciences), 322, 271-279. pdf

McComb, K & Semple, S.  (1998) Are talkers the only thinkers? Nature 395, 656 –657.

Hewison A.J.M., Vincent J.P. & D. Reby (1998). Chapter 10. Social organisation. In : The European Roe Deer. Studies of Adaptation and Variation. Edited by Andersen R., Duncan P. & J. Linnel. Oslo: Scandinavian University Press.

Reby D., Hewison A.J.M., Cargnelutti B., Angibault, J.M. & J.P. Vincent (1998). Use of vocalisations to estimate population size of roe deer.
Journal of Wildlife Management, 62, 1341-1347.

Reby D., Joachim J., Lauga J., Lek S. & S. Aulagnier (1998). Individuality in the groans of fallow deer (Dama dama) bucks.
Journal of Zoology, London, 245, 79-84. pdf

Reby D., Lek S., Dimopoulos I., Joachim J., Lauga J. & S. Aulagnier (1997). Artificial neural networks as a classification method in the behavioural sciences.
Behavioural Processes, 40, 35-43.pdf

McComb, K. (1996) Studying vocal communication in elephants. In: Studying Elephants  African Wildlife Foundation Technical Handbook series, Nairobi, pages 112-119.

Grinnell, J. & McComb, K. (1996) Female grouping as a defense against infanticide by males: evidence from field playback experiments on African lions. Behavioural Ecology 7, 55-59.

Semple, S & McComb, K. (1996a) Behavioural deception. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 11, 434-437.

Semple, S & McComb, K. (1996b) Deception: the correct path to enlightenment?  Reply to Getty & Christy. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 12, 160.

Clutton-Brock, T.H., McComb, K.E. & Deutsch, J.C. (1996) Multiple factors affect the distribution of females in lek-breeding ungulates: a rejoinder to Carbone and Taborsky. Behavioural Ecology 7, 373-378.

McComb, K., Packer, C. & Pusey, A. (1994) Roaring and numerical assessment in contests between groups of female lions Panthera leo. Animal Behaviour 47, 379-387.

McComb, K. & Clutton-Brock, T. (1994) Is mate choice copying or aggregation responsible for skewed distributions of females on leks?. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 225, 13-19.

McComb, K., Pusey, A., Packer, C. & Grinnell, J. (1993) Female lions can identify potentially infanticidal males from their roars. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B.  252, 59-64.

Clutton-Brock, T. & McComb, K. (1993) Experimental tests of copying and mate choice in fallow deer. Behavioural Ecology 4, 191-193.

McComb, K. (1992) Playback as a tool for studying contests between social groups.  In: Playback and Studies of Animal Communication. ed. by P.K. McGregor.  Plenum Publishing Corporation, London, pages 111-119.

McGregor, P.K., Catchpole, C.K., Dabelsteen, T., Falls, J.B., Fusani, L., Gerhardt, H.C., Gilbert, F., Horn, A.G., Klump, G.M., Kroodsma, D.E., Lambrechts, M.M., McComb, K., Nelson, D.A., Pepperberg, I.M., Ratcliffe, L., Searcy, W.A. & Weary, D.M. (1992)  Design of playback experiments. In: Playback and Studies of Animal Communication.  ed. by P.K. McGregor. Plenum Publishing Corporation, London, pages 1-9.

McComb, K.E. (1991) Female choice for high roaring rates in red deer (Cervus elaphus). Animal Behaviour 41, 79-88.pdf

McComb, K. (1988) Roaring and oestrus. Nature 332, 24.

McComb, K.E. (1988) Roaring and reproduction in red deer (Cervus elaphus) Ph.D. Thesis, University of Cambridge.

McComb, K. (1987) Roaring by red deer stags advances date of oestrus in hinds.  Nature 330, 648-649. pdf